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Information about Lahti > History > Salpausselkä Ridge

Salpausselkä Ridge

Salpausselkä Ridge, running across the whole of southern Finland, divides Lahti into two. In the South are the low-lying, clay-based field and forest areas, and, to the North of the ridge, the varied nature of the Lakeside Finland begins.

Along Vesijärvi Lake and through the Vääksy Canal, you can go as far as Jyväskylä. The Kalkkinen Canal will take you to Heinola.

Salpausselkä Ridge was formed 11,000 years ago of soil carried by glacial meltwaters, when the melting of the continental glacier ceased for about 250 years. The highest point of the ridge, at Tiirismaa near Lahti, is 223 m above sea level and 142 m above the level of Vesijärvi Lake.

The Salpausselkä Skiing Championships have been held there ever since 1923. These championships are still a great public festival in Lahti. The World Skiing Championships were held in Lahti in 1926, 1938, 1958, 1978, 1989 and 2001.

Salpausselkä Ridge and its surrounding areas provide an excellent supply of groundwater. Part of the reason why the natural surroundings of Lahti are so exceptionally lush in places is that the groundwater is rising to the surface.

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